New Delhi | Jagran News Desk: William Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter Ratcliffe, and Gregg Semenza jointly won 2019 Nobel prize for Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, Reuters tweeted on Monday. 

The Nobel committee announced the prize at Karolinska Institute in Sweden, Stockholm. It said the discoveries paved the way for new strategies to fight cancer, anemia and other diseases.

Randall Johnson who was a member of the prize committed described their work as 'textbook discovery'.

Born in New York, Semenza Kaelin and became a full-time professor at Harvard Medical school and John Hopkins University in 1999 and 2012, respectively.

Semenza has been Director of the Vascular Research Program at John Hopkins Institutes for cell engineering while Kaelin has established his own research laboratory at the Dana Farber Cancer Institute in Boston.

Lancashire born Ratcliffe studied medicine at Cambridge University and became a professor in 1996. 

Also Read | India, US may finalise trade deal in next few weeks: Report

After the declaration of Nobel prize, the biomedical discovery institute 'The Crick' tweeted, "We're delighted that our Director of Clinical Research, Peter Ratcliffe, has won the @NobelPrize in Physiology or Medicine! Congratulations." 

John Hopkins University wrote, "Congratulations to Gregg Semenza of @HopkinsMedicine  on this incredible honor!"

The trio will receive a prize of 3 million Kroner (Rs 23,328,750) cash award each. 

This is the 110th prize in the category. The Nobel prize has been awarded since 1901. Following the announcement of Nobel prize in medicine or physiology, Nobel prize of Physics, Chemistry, Literature and Nobel Peace prize will be announced in the next four days. The economics prize will be awarded on October 14.

Posted By: James Kuanal