New Delhi | Jagran Trending Desk: American space agency NASA is ready to launch the Mars 2020 Perseverance Mission from Cape Canaveral, Florida this month. The rover will land in August next year.

"Perseverance sets a new bar for our ambitions at Mars. We will get closer than ever before to answer some of science's longest-standing questions about the Red Planet, including whether life ever arose there," said Lori Glaze, planetary science director at NASA Headquarters in Washington. NASA revealed the Perseverance rover’s mission and works on their portal. 

 

The Perseverance rover draws on the NASA – and scientific – the spirit of overcoming challenges.

The mission comes with many perfection and responsibility. The rover has to land on a ‘treacherous planet’ and with exact expectations.

The main objective of the rover is to search for the signs of ancient microbial life, figuring out the planet’s geology and climate, collecting selected rocks and sediment samples for a future return to the green planet Earth.

NASA revealed in their nasa.gov portal that they chose the name 'Perseverance' from among 28,000 essays during ‘Name the Rover’ contest.

Perseverance builds on the lessons of other rovers sent to Mars

The latest rover is made by keeping the lessons learned from the previous rovers. The first wheel vehicle-rover to rove another planet was Sojourner. It landed on Mars in July 1997 and after almost three months of the round, it lost its connection to Earth in September.

In 2004, Spirit and Opportunity found evidence that the red planet once hosted running water before becoming a frozen desert.

Curiosity rover, which landed in 2012 and is still operational since then also discovered that Gale Crater, the landing site of the rover offered many lakes billions of years ago and gave a hint about the existence of an environment that could have supported microbial life.

The rover will be landing in a place with high potential for finding signs of past microbial life.

Based on previous experiences, the 2021 rover will land at the same place where the Curiosity landed as it discovered that Jezero Crater (the place where it landed). It is 28 miles wide and sits on the edge of Isidis Planitia.

Perseverance will also be collecting important data about Mars' geology and climate

Since decades Mars has been collecting the images of the red planet and other data as well. However, NASA claims that a rover like Perseverance will be able to collect more detailed evidence about the existence of ancient microbial life.

Perseverance is the first leg of a round trip to Mars

The 2021 Perseverance rover will be the first rover to bring the samples collection of rocks and sediments from Mars to Earth in the future projects. “Terrestrial laboratories would be used to establish whether any potential signs of life detected by the rover are definitive evidence of past life,” the NASA portal said.

Perseverance carries instruments and technology that will pave the way for human missions to the Moon and Mars.

The mission is loaded with scientific instruments, advanced computational capabilities for landing, and other new systems. It is being said that the Perseverance rover is the heaviest, most sophisticated, NASA has ever sent to any other planet.

Everyone will ride along

The Mars 2020 spacecraft and the Perseverance rover features 23 cameras in total which will provide more high definition pictures and will also help the rover to study the locations thoroughly.

Posted By: Talib Khan