New Delhi | Jagran Trending Desk: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) on Sunday became the first Arab nation to launch a probe to Mars. Its spacecraft Al-Amal (Hope) was launched from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan from a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries’ H-II A rocket.

After the launch of the spacecraft, Yousuf Hamad AlShaibani, director of the UAE's Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre, said that this mission is an important milestone for the UAE and the region. "It has already inspired millions of youth regionally to dream big and work hard to achieve what seems to be impossible," he said.

UAE’s mission to Mars also marks the first if the three missions to the red planet that will be launched at the end of July. The United States (US) and China have planned to launch their missions to the red planet. According to reports, the Earth and Mars will be aligned at their closest points in two years at the end of July 2020 that will help the spacecraft reach Mars easily and with less fuel.

So as the US and China get ready for the launch of their Mars missions, here’s all you need to know about them:

Perseverance: Hunt or life

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) will launch its spacecraft Perseverance on July 30. Perseverance will look for signs of habitual conditions on Mars will collect soil samples on the red planet. It will also analyse the weather pattern on Mars and will study conditions at the red planet for future human missions. Perseverance is expected to reach Mars on February 18, 2021.  

Tianwen-1

Tianwen-1 will be launched by China later this month. It will be China’s first mission to Mars and will be launched from Xichang. It will reach Mars by the start of 2021. China’s first mission to Mars aims to study the topography and geology of the red planet and determine the composition of the surface material, climate and environment.

Posted By: Aalok Sensharma