New Delhi | Jagran News Desk: The Narendra Modi government had completed 100 days in office in its second term. Speaking on the occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday said that these 100 days have been of “development, trust and big changes”. He said that a number of bills were passed and the amount of work that was done, had never happened in any Parliament session in the past 60 years.

As the government plans to present the report card of the work done by it in the first 100 days, let’s take a look at the achievements of the Modi Government 2.0 and the challenges it faces ahead in the next four years:

Abrogation of Article 370: The government, in a historic move on August 5, revoked Article 370 of the Constitution which gave special status to Jammu and Kashmir and also bifurcated the state into two Union Territories -- Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.

Following the big move, there was a massive security clampdown in the Valley to avoid any untoward incident, which has now been lifted to a large extent. Bringing normalcy to Kashmir will be high on the agenda. The government will have to ensure that connectivity is restored and curbs removed.

Triple Talaq Law: In another landmark decision, the government passed the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019 on July 30, 2019.

The triple talaq bill makes declaration of talaq-e-biddat or pronouncing talaq three times in spoken, written or through SMS or WhatsApp or any other electronic chat in one sitting illegal. Criminalising the offence, it gives a police officer powers to arrest the offender without requiring a warrant.

Assam NRC: The home ministry has also done a commendable job to ensure peace and security in the state of Assam, where the final version of the National Register of Citizens was published on August 31 and excluded roughly 1.9 million people.

Now, with the claims and appeals process, the ministry will have to keep a close check on the security apparatus in the northeastern state to ensure no incidents of violence are reported.

New Motor Vehicle Act: Parliament in July passed the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019, which seeks to tighten road traffic regulations such as the issuance of driving licence and imposed stricter penalties for violations in an attempt to improve road safety.

While the new rules have been praised by many, the hefty penalties for violation of traffic rules has invited severe criticism. The government has defended the high penalty under the new motor vehicles act, saying the idea behind it is to make people conform to rules, and asked what is more important lives or money.

Merger of Public Sector Banks: The government on August 30 announced a mega bank merger to realise its goal of making India a $5 Trillion economy. The government merged ten of the biggest public sector banks (PSBs) into four entities.

The aim was to create the 2nd largest, 4th largest, 5th largest and 7th largest PSBs in India. Now the total number of public sector banks in India stands at 12, down from 27 in 2017. The bank mergers are expected to reduce the cost of lending, enhance profitability and boost the economy.

Challenges Ahead:

Despite such bold steps, the "economic mismanagement", as the opposition terms it, has been a real dampener. The gross domestic product (GDP) growth in the first quarter of financial year 2019-20 slipped to the six-year low of 5 percent, and it's a matter of concern.  

The economic slowdown has been badly felt in the auto sector, which as of last month reportedly saw a drop of 33 per cent in sales and evaporation of around 2.30 lakh jobs.

Another challenge is to create jobs for the country’s burgeoning population. The Labour Force Survey (PLFS) released by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) put unemployment rate at 6.1% in 2017-18, highest in more than four decades.

Posted By: Abhinav Gupta