New Delhi | Jagran Lifestyle Desk: March 24 is observed as World Tuberculosis Day as on its day in 1882, Dr Robert Coach announced the discovery of Tuberculosis causing bacterium. So, to raise awareness regarding this fatal disease, every year we observe this day. Also, on this day health agencies educate people on how can we overcome Tuberculosis. Although TB, a preventable and curable disease, has taken a large number of lives around the globe. Nearly 1.5 million people each year die due to this fatal health condition mostly in developing countries. 

The theme for World Tuberculosis Day 2021 is 'The clock is ticking'. It signifies that COVID-19 pandemic has hindered the progress of curing the disease and now the world is running out of time to fulfill its commitment for it. So, to understand Tuberculosis better, here we are with some information which you need to know. Take a look:

Causes of Tuberculosis 

A Bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis causes TB. It spreads through the air and is contagious. Therefore, people usually get TB when they are in close contact with a person who is already infected. It can easily spread if you are in the same house, bus or train. However, not everyone who has tuberculosis can spread the infection. For the people who suffer with TB infection which is outside their lungs don't spread it. This type of TB is called extrapulmonary TB.

Types of Tuberculosis 

Latent TB: There are no visible symptoms and such kind of TB is not contagious. But the infection is alive and can become active later on.

Active TB: Active TB is contagious.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis 

These are some of the popular symptoms of tuberculosis:  

  • If a person is suffering with bad cough for more than 3 weeks.
  • Having blood or sputum in your cough.
  • Fever.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Chest pain.
  • Feeling of fatigue.
  • Sweating at night.

Prevention of Tuberculosis 

Here are a few measures you can take to prevent TB:

  • BCG vaccine to children shows excellent protection against TB.
  • Prevent the latent TB patient from developing active TB.
  • Use masks and a respirator near a TB patient.
  • While a TB patient coughs or sneezes his mouth and nose should be covered. 
  • Respiratory hygiene should be maintained when in contact with people. 
  • TB education and awareness can reduce the spread of the deadly disease.

Posted By: Sanyukta Baijal