New Delhi | Jagran Lifestyle Desk: The World Press Freedom Day or Press Freedom Day is celebrated on May 3 annually to raise awareness about the freedom of the press and remind the governments of their duty to respect and uphold the right of Freedom of Expression under Article 19 of 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Press Freedom Day also marks the anniversary of Windhoek Declaration-- a statement of free press principles by African journalists in 1991.

It is a day to encourage and develop initiatives in favour of press freedom and assess freedom of press worldwide. It also serves an occasion to inform citizens of the violation of press freedom - remind that in several countries, publications are fined, censored, closed down, while journalists, publishers and editors are attacked, detained, harassed or even murdered.

UNESCO marks the Press Freedom Day bu conferring Press Freedom Prize to deserving individuals, organisations and institutions that have made an outstanding contribution to the field of promotion of press freedom in any part of the world, especially when it is achieved with danger. The prize is awarded on the recommendation of an independent jury comprising 14 news professionals.

These names are submitted by UNESCO member states, regional and international NGOs working for press freedom.

The prize is named in the honour of a Colombian Journalist Guillermo Cana Isaza, who was assassinated in front of his newspaper's office in Bogota in December 1986, for offending Colombia's power drug barons in his writings.

The theme of this year's Press Freedom Day is 'Journalism without Fear or Favour'.

On this occasion, a video conference by UNESCO will take place in Hague, Netherlands-- which will be attended by media professionals, UN agencies, press freedom organisations to assess the state of press freedom worldwide and discuss solutions to address challenges. The conference is being held since 1998.

Posted By: James Kuanal