New Delhi | Jagran Lifestyle Desk: People across the globe are observing World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) today (May 14) with an aim in raising awareness and highlighting the need for the conservation of migratory birds and their habitats. The main focus of the day is to draw attention to the threats faced by migratory birds, their ecological importance, and the need for international cooperation to conserve them.

According to Pramod Kumar Srivastava, Divisional Forest Officer (DFO), GB Nagar, birds migrate to other parts of the world when the temperature in their native place drops below zero and water bodies started to freeze resulting in the scarcity of food items.

While talking to Jagran English, the DFO said, "Migratory birds are often found near water bodies and are found in countries like Siberia and Europe. However, when there is a drop in temperature in these countries, the water bodies automatically freeze resulting in the reduction of food items for these birds".

"Migratory birds are often dependent on foods such as fish, worms, and other water insects. This makes the survival of these migratory birds difficult due to which they migrate from one country to another," he added.

"These migratory birds start their migration from Siberia and other cold countries in the month of November when the winter starts to reach its peak. Around 90 per cent of the migration gets completed by November end," he further said.

"On the other hand, when the temperature in countries where the migratory birds have migrated starts to rise, these birds start leaving those countries, and by the end of March and beginning of April first these migratory birds leave the country completely," he added.

Here's a look at the history, significance, and theme of WMBD 2022.


World Migratory Bird Day was initiated in 2006 when the United Nations (UN) made the decision to raise awareness of the migratory linkages between regions across the world. Since then, a total of 118 countries have hosted and participated in the event. However, the initial thought of raising awareness to eliminate the threat faced by this particular species was developed in the United States in 1993.

In Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean, World Migratory Bird Day is marked on the second Saturday of every October. While in the US and Canada, the day is observed on the second Saturday of every May.


The aim of WMBD is to ensure a healthy bird population and safeguard breeding, non-breeding, and stop-over habitats of migratory birds. The significance lies in their ecological importance. We need them to ensure ecological balance and maintain biodiversity. It is imperative to restore ecological connectivity and integrity to boost the natural movements of migratory birds. These are important to ensure migratory birds’ survival and well-being.

Theme 2022

Light Pollution will be the focus of the WMBD 2022. Artificial light is increasing globally by at least 2 percent per year and it is known to adversely affect many bird species. Light pollution is a significant threat to migratory birds, causing disorientation when they fly at night, leading to collisions with buildings, perturbing their internal clocks, or interfering with their ability to undertake long-distance migrations.

Posted By: Sugandha Jha