New Delhi | Jagran Lifestyle Desk: World Mental Health Day is celebrated on October 10 (since 1992) every year to raise awareness about mental health and promote the efforts to support mental health. As per WHO, World Mental Health Day provides an opportunity for all stakeholders working on mental health issues to talk about their work and make mental health care a must for people around the world.

There is no doubt that people's awareness of mental health has increased in the last few years. But despite this, there are still many people who feel hesitant to talk about it. Do you know that every 40 seconds a person loses his life due to some kind of mental illness? This alarming and shocking figure shows how important it is to talk about mental disorders and how you can deal with it.

Here are five common mental disorders about which you need to know:

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a type of mental illness, with sudden mood changes. A person suffering from Bipolar disorder goes through a variety of emotions, sometimes experiences such as excessive excitement, deep sadness, suicidal thoughts, lack of energy. Extreme stress, physical illness, traumatic experiences can promote the development of the bipolar disorder.

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is also a serious mental illness. In such a case, a person is unable to interpret reality. They experience confusion, hallucinations and disorganized thinking. Schizophrenia is not common but its symptoms are quite severe. It can be difficult to recognize its symptoms such as distance from friends and family, lack of motivation, and sleep problems are common symptoms of the adolescent stage. Medication and psychological counseling can help reduce the condition of schizophrenia.

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder, which includes obsessive thoughts and feeling like compulsion, they see things in a certain way. Victims of OCD see everything differently. They get ideas that are uncontrollable and get desperate to do certain things. Some things are OCD symptoms are washing hands several times, continuously checking your body and following a monotonous routine.

Constant depression

This disease is also called dysthymia. In this state, a person is constantly under stress. He/She feels a sense of constant sadness, loss of productivity, low energy, frustration, change in appetite, low self-confidence and poor self-esteem. Traumatic life events, constant anxiety, bipolar disorder and even a type of chemical imbalance in the brain can be a major cause of this persistent depressive disorder.

Major depressive disorder

Depression is a very serious mental illness. It affects you negatively on how you feel, what you think and how you behave. During this disease, a person can feel depressed for months or even years. In such a disorder, a person never loses his interest in the work that earlier he used to enjoy. It accompanies loss of appetite, change in sleep patterns, loss of energy, tiredness, feeling in vain, difficulty in concentration and making a decision and spending less time with others.

In such a situation, the patient's friends and family play a big role in the treatment of this disease. They can help in identifying whether a family member or friend is under stress and get it treated in time. Furthermore, they can motivate the patient to come out of depression.

Posted By: James Kuanal