New Delhi | Jagran Lifestyle Desk: Every year Valmiki Jayanti is celebrated on the full moon day of the Shukla Paksha (waxing phase of the Moon) in the Ashwin month of the Hindu calendar. This year, the nation is celebrating the Valmiki Jayanti on October 31 (today) to mark the birth anniversary of Maharishi Valmiki. 

Valmiki Jayanti is widely celebrated in northern and central India and it is popularly called Pragat Diwas in Rajasthan. Maharishi Valmiki is known as the Adi Kavi (first poet) of the Sanskrit scripture. He is also known for writing the Ramayana, depicting the story of Lord Rama and Goddess Sita. 

Who is Maharishi Valmiki?

Maharishi Valmiki is the first poet (Adi Kavi) of Sanskrit literature who is popularly known for writing an epic-- Ramayana. Valmiki Ji offered shelter to Devi Sita when Lord Rama banished her from the Raj Mahal. There she gave birth to two beautiful children Luv and Kush. Later, Valmiki Ji taught Ramayana, which contains 24,000 verses (shlokas) and 7 cantos (kandas), to the Rajkumar of Ayodhya.

Significance of Valmiki Jayanti

Valmiki Ji's Ramayan has a great significance in the life of Hindus. People recite the verses and Shlokas of Ramayana on auspicious occasions. To celebrate Valmiki Jayanti and to pass on the tradition to future generations, people take part in great processions called Shobha Yatras. On this day, people decorate the temples of Valmiki Ji and offer flowers fruits and food.

Janam Katha of Maharishi Valmiki:

The exact date and time of the birth of ace Maharishi are still unknown. But, it is believed to have lived around 500 BC. It is believed that Maharishi Valmiki Ji had the sharpness and shine like a full moon. Hence, people started celebrating Valmiki Jayanti on the full moon day. It is also believed that Valmiki Ji was a dacoit named Ratnakar until he met Narad Muni. Later, Narad Muni gave him the responsibility to write the story of Purushottam Rama and Devi Sita in easy language for future generations.

Posted By: Srishti Goel