New Delhi | Jagran Lifestyle Desk: In another celestial event the skywatchers, witnessed a dramatic ring of fire in the sky today, June 21, as an Annular Solar took place today. The first solar eclipse of this year which coincides with the summer solstice, when the Northern Hemisphere has the longest day, was an annular eclipse. 

The Surya Grahan 2020 started at around 9 am in the morning and reached its maximum extent at 12:10 pm. The eclipse ended at around 3:00 pm. However, clouds played a spoilsport in Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and the solar eclipse was only visible partially. Meanwhile, the ring of fire was only visible in Uttarkhand's Dehradun. 

The Solar Eclipse 2020 was an Annular Solar Eclipse which created a ring of fire around the Sun. The Annular Solar Eclipse occurs when the moon covers the sun's centre, leaving the sun's outer edges to form a “ring of fire”, also referred to as annulus around the moon. At the same time, the Moon is as far from the earth as it could get, leaving a display of a visually-spectacular astrophysical formation.

People living in Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttarakhand witnessed the ring of fire during the Solar Eclipse 2020, while rest of the country witnessed a partial Solar Eclipse 2020.

Where will the Solar Eclipse 2020 be visible?

In India, people living in Anupgarh, Suratgarh, Sirsa, Jakhal, Kurukshetra, Yamunanagar, Dehradun, Tapowan & Joshimath will be able to see the annular phase of the Solar Eclipse 2020, while people in rest of India can only witness a partial eclipse, according to the Ministry of Science and Technology.

Timings of Solar Eclipse 2020 in New Delhi, Chennai, Bengaluru, Mumbai:

 

Solar eclipse Delhi timings:

Partial Eclipse Begins: 10:20 am

Maximum Eclipse: 12:01 pm

Partial Eclipse Ends: 1:48 pm

Duration: 3 hours, 29 minutes

Solar eclipse Kolkata timings

Partial Eclipse Begins: 10:46 am

Maximum Eclipse: 12:35 pm

Partial Eclipse Ends: 2:17 pm

Duration: 3 hours, 31 minutes

Solar eclipse Mumbai timings

Partial Eclipse Begins: 10 am

Maximum Eclipse: 11:37 am

Partial Eclipse Ends: 1:27 pm

Duration: 3 hours, 27 minutes

Solar eclipse Chennai timings

Partial Eclipse Begins: 10:22 am

Maximum Eclipse: 11:59 am

Partial Eclipse Ends: 1:41 pm

Duration: 3 hours, 20 minutes

Solar eclipse Bangalore timings

Partial Eclipse Begins: 10:12 am

Maximum Eclipse: 11:47 am

Partial Eclipse Ends: 1:31 pm

Duration: 3 hours, 19 minutes

Apart from India, the Solar Eclipse 2020 will be visible in Congo, Sudan, Ethiopia, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Pakistan, and China.

Images of Solar Eclipse 2020 from different parts of the world:

Kathmandu (Nepal)

Dehradun

New Delhi

Punjab

Gujarat

Haryana

Rajasthan

New Delhi

Mumbai

Dehradun

Dubai

Karachi

Different Types of Solar Eclipse 2020:

There are basically four types of Lunar Eclipses – Total Solar Eclipse, Annular Solar Eclipse, Hybrid Solar Eclipse and Partial Solar Eclipse.

A total eclipse takes place when the non-shiny side of the Moon completely hides the bright light of the Sun, allowing a rare solar phenomenon to take place.

An annular eclipse takes place when the Sun and Moon are in line with the Earth, but since the size of the Moon is smaller than that of the Sun, a “ring of fire” is visible.

A hybrid eclipse (also called annular/total eclipse) keeps on shifting between a total solar eclipse and annular solar eclipse. In certain parts of the Earth, it appears as a total eclipse, whereas at other points it appears as annular. Hybrid eclipses are extremely rare. Last Hybrid Eclipse took place in November 2013, next will take place in 2023 and after that in 2031.

A partial eclipse takes place when the Sun and Moon are not exactly in line with the Earth and the Moon only partially hides the Sun. This phenomenon can usually be seen from a large part of the Earth.

"The solar eclipse on June 21 will be an annular eclipse. It will be visible to the entire country as partial eclipse and as an annular eclipse to three states - Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Haryana. It will start at around 10:20 am and end around 2:20 pm," S Pattnaik, Deputy Director of Pathani Samanta Planetarium, told PTI.

"Annular solar eclipse is a particular case of the total solar eclipse. Like the total solar eclipse, the moon is aligned with the sun. However, on that day, the apparent size of the moon happens to be a wee smaller than the sun. Hence the moon covers the central part of the sun, and the rim of the sun appears like a "ring of fire" in the sky for a very brief moment" Samir Dhurde of The Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics told ANI.

"In India, the obscuration of the sun by the moon at the time of the greatest phase of the annular eclipse will be nearly 98.6 per cent. Obscuration of the sun by the moon at the time of greatest phase of the partial eclipse will be around 94 per cent in Delhi, 66 per cent in Kolkata, 62 per cent in Mumbai, 37 per cent in Bangalore, 34 per cent in Chennai," the Press Information Bureau said in a statement.

Posted By: Talib Khan