New Delhi | Jagran Lifestyle Desk: The period of Pitru Paksha 2020 will start from September 2, 2020, on Bhadrapada Poornima and will end on September 17. The Pitru Paksha or commonly known as Shradh Paksha is an auspicious period in Hindu calendar which people of Hindu community pay obeisance to their ancestors.  

The last day of Pitru Paksha is known as Sarvapitri Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya which is considered the most significant day of the period. It is also imperative to feed the poor after making an offering to the Brahmins. It is believed that the more 'daan' you give, the more it will reach your ancestors

Pitru Paksha 2020: Day and dates

1st September: Purnima Shradh
2nd September: Pratipada Shradh
3rd September: Dwitiya Shradh
5th September: Tritiya Shradh
6th September: Chaturthi Shradh
7th September: Panchami Shradh
8th September: Shashthi Shradh
9th September: Saptami Shradh
10th September: Ashtami Shradh
11th September: Navami Shradh
12th September: Dashami Shradh
13th September: Ekadashi Shradh
14th September: Dwadashi Shradh
15th September: Trayodashi Shradh
16th September: Chaturdashi Shradh
17th September: Amavasya Shradh


Pitru Paksha 2020: Significance

According to Hindu scriptures, during the 16 days of Bhadrapad maas from Purnima to Amavasya, the souls of deceased ancestors visit earth in the form of energies. These energies. As per the HIndu Mythology, during the Mahabharata, when Karna went to heaven after his death, he was offered lots of gold and jewels but no one offered him food. When he asked Lord Indra the reason for serving him with all the luxuries except food, the Indra told Karna since he only donated gold all his life during his reign on earth and never offered food to the souls of his ancestors during Shradh, he will be treated in the same manner in heaven as well.

Karna understood the cause and requested Yamraja to send him back to earth for 15 days so that he could perform shradh rites and donate food and water in their memory. Yamaraja accepted his request and sent him to earth for a fortnight. When Karna returned back, he was greeted with abundant food. It signifies Brahmin bhoj and feeding poor people is an effective ritual to gain fulfillment in afterlife.

Pitra Paksha 2020: Rituals

The rituals of the shradh are usually performed by the eldest son or the eldest male member of the family. While performing the rituals, the person should be mindful of three vices i.e. piety, hastiness and anger. The Rituals under Pitra Paksha involve Tarpanam and Shradh which must be performed to pay homage to the ancestors. It is also significant because if by mistake, a person has harmed, hurt or displeased their dead ancestors, they can seek forgiveness by performing these rituals. Therefore, men perform the Tarpanam by offering food and water to crows (believed to be the representative of Yama, the God of death or dead ancestors manifested as crows). Ideally, one must perform the Tarpanam on all the sixteen days, but the Mahalaya Amavasya is the most important.

Posted By: Rakesh Kumar Jha