New Delhi| Jagran Lifestyle Desk: Every year, the National Pollution Prevention Day is observed on December 2 (today) in remembrance of the unfortunate incident of Bhopal Gas Tragedy. The day is observed to create awareness about the adverse effects of pollution on human beings and its hazardous effects on our ecosystem. 

The National Pollution Prevention Day 2020 started after the disastrous incident of Bhopal Gas Tragedy which took place on December 2 1984. The gruesome tragedy took many innocent lives while many others are still suffering from the effects of the deadly gas leak. This tragedy occurred due to the gas leak at the Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant in Madhya Pradesh.

This day also aims to make people aware of the government's laws that help to contain pollution. The government has also made the National Pollution Control Board (NPCB) that conducts the check on industries whether they followed government guidelines to control pollution or not.

The objective of National Pollution Prevention Day is to spread awareness of managing and controlling industrial disasters and to prevent the pollution produced by industrial processes or human negligence.

According to nhp.gov.in, the various preventive methods taken by the Indian Legislation include:

  • Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1974
  • Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1981
  • Environment (Protection) Act of 1986
  • Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules of1989
  • Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1989
  • Manufacture, Storage, Import, Export & Storage of Hazardous Micro- Organisms Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells Rules of 1989
  • The National Environment Tribunal Act 1995 Chemical Accidents (Emergency, Planning, Preparedness, and Response) Rules of 1996
  • Bio-Medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1998
  • Recycled Plastics Manufacture & Usage Rules of 199
  • Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules of 2000
  • Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules of 2001.
  • Maharashtra Bio-Degradable Garbage (Control) Ordinance of 2006
  • Environment Impact Assessment Notification of 2006
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) was constituted in September 1974. Its main aim is to work towards the protection of the environment and controlling pollution. Furthermore, it also works towards promoting cleanliness of streams and wells in different states by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution.
 
National Pollution Prevention Day 2020 Theme:
 
This year's theme is based on the goal of raising awareness towards the cause of pollution and the ways by which pollution could be decreased in the environment. This year it is emphasised that people should bring their attention to the growing concerns of pollution and be aware of the ways that one can contribute to managing pollution threat in our country. 

Posted By: Deeksha Sharma