Makar Sankranti 2020: History, significance and important timings of the Festival of Kites

Makar Sankranti symbolises the arrival of spring.

By Aalok Sensharma
Updated: Tue, 14 Jan 2020 08:09 AM IST
Minute Read
Makar Sankranti 2020: History, significance and important timings of the Festival of Kites

New Delhi | Jagran Lifestyle Desk: Makar Sakranti is a popular festival, celebrated in India a day after Lohri. It is known as the Festival Kites. The festival is dedicated to the deity Surya (Lord Sun) and it marks the first day of the sun's transit into Makara (Capricorn), marking the end of the month with the winter solstice and the start of longer days and symbolizes the arrival of spring.

This year Makar Sankranti will be celebrated on January 15. In this festival, people also celebrate the bond shared by their family members.

Makar Sankranti Muhaurat:

Sankranti Moment: January 15, 2.22 am

Punya Kaal: 7.19 am to 12:31 pm

Maha Punya Kaal: 7.19 am to 9.03 am

Sankranti snan time: January 15, 2020


According to legends, Surya and the Lord Sun visited Capricorn who is controlled by his foster son Saturn on this day. The legends, however, say that the two doesn’t have a great relationship but since the two met on this day, people celebrate this family union and pray that their family bond strengthens by leaps and bounds.

Another legend suggests that Bhisma Pitamaha, the iconic character from Mahabharat, breathed his last and achieved Moksha or salvation on the day of Uttarayan (Uttar meaning north and Aayan meaning solstice), when the Sun's rays move upwards.


On this day, people take bath in the Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Shipra or Narmada rivers and several rituals are performed. Legends say that taking bath on this day in holy rivers helps people attain Moksha from the vicious cycle of birth, death and rebirth.

How people celebrate Makar Sankranti?

This festival is observed with social festivities such as colourful decorations, rural children going house to house, singing and asking for treats in some areas (or pocket money), fairs, dances, kite flying, bonfires and feasts.

In every 12 years, Kumbha Mela is also organised in which is attended by almost 40 to 100 million people.

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