New Delhi | Jagran Lifestyle Desk: Kalashtami July 2021 is one of the auspicious festivals for Hindus as it marks the Kaal Bhairav Jayanti. Devotees on this day worship Kaal Bhairav, a Rudra avatar of Lord Shiva and seek his blessings for a prosperous and peaceful life. This special day is celebrated on the Ashtami of Krishna Paksha, every month according to the Hindu calendar. This year Jyeshth Kalashtami is being observed on July 01, 2021.

Kaal Bhairav represents 64 forms grouped under 8 categories, called Astanga Bhairavas, controlling eight directions of the world. Bhairavas are controlled by Kaal Bhairav, the supreme ruler of time.

Kalashtami: Date and time

  • Ashtami will start at 12:31 pm on July 1, 2021
  • Ashtami will end at 01:58 pm on July 2, 2021
  • Sunrise 06:26 am
  • Sunset 06:18 pm

Kalashtami: Shubh Mahurat

Abhijit muhurat 11:58 am - 12:46 pm

Amrit Kaal 09:10pm - 10:53 pm

Kalashtami: Look and portrayal

Lord Kaal Bhairav holds a rod or danda to punish sinners therefore also known as Dandapani.

  • Affiliation: Shiva
  • Weapon: Trishul and Khatvanga
  • Mount: Dog
  • Consort: Bhairavi

Kalashtami: Ashta Bhairava (Eight manifestations)

  • Asithaanga Bhairava
  • Ruru Bhairava
  • Chanda Bhairava
  • Krodha Bhairava
  • Unmattha Bhairava
  • Kapaala Bhairava
  • Bheeshana Bhairava
  • Samhaara Bhairava

Kalashtami: Mythology

As per Hindu scripture, Shiva Maha Purana, Lord Kaal Bhairav emanated from the fingernail of Lord Shiva. There is a story that tells, once Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma argued on the issue of their greatness. Both could not accept each other's supremacy and things took the form of a heated discussion. During that time a huge Agnilinga appeared in front of them and both made an effort to see the ends of the linga but could not. Amidst this, Lord Brahma suddenly claimed that he saw the ends of linga.

Lord Vishnu had no alternative but to accept his failure meanwhile, Lord Shiva got infuriated, appeared, and asked Lord Brahma to not to lie as he understood something was wrong. Listening to his insult Lord Brahma didn't accept that he was lying. This lead to Shiva punishing Lord Brahma by creating Kaal Bhairav who with his permission chopped the fifth head of Brahma. As a result, Lord Brahma apologized to Shiva, and Bholenath being very kind forgave him. Later Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma resolved their fight and destroyed their ego too.

Kalashtami: Puja Vidhi 

- Before sunrise devotees take bath.
- People observe fast on this day
- Idol of the deity Kaal Bhairav is placed on a clean platform before praying to him in the temple.
- A deepak is lit in front of the idol.
- Eight types of flowers and leaves are offered.
- Some devotees write om namah shivay with sandal paste on 21 Bilva patra and offer them.
- An unbroken coconut is offered.
- Dog is considered as the vehicle of Bhairava so sweet roti is fed to dogs.
- Food to lepers and beggers are treated as highly rewarding.

Kalashtami: Kal Bhairav Mantra

"Hrim vatukaya kuru kuru batukaya hrim."
"Om hreem vam vatukaaya Aapaduddharanaya vatukaaya hreem"
"Om Hraam Hreem Hroom Hrime Hroum Ksham Kshetrapaalaaya Kaala Bhairavaaya Namaha"

Posted By: Sanyukta Baijal