New Delhi | Jagran Lifestyle Desk: The auspicious festival of Chhath, which is also known as 'Surya Shashthi' or 'Dala Chhath', is being celebrated across India from November 18 to November 21. The festival is associated with the Sun God and Shashthi Devi or Chhathi Maiya and is celebrated with a lot of zest by the people of Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. The festival begins with Nahay Khay. The second day is celebrated as Kharna, which means purification. On this day, the fasting person of the family observes fasts for the whole day and tries to purify the body and mind. They also worship their Kuldevata and Chhath Maiyya with a clear mind and offer them pudding made of jaggery.

Puja Vidhi

-A 36-hour long fast begins for women from the day of Kharna.

- This fast ends after offering arghya to the rising sun.

- Women observing fast on this day take bath in the evening and prepare prasad of roti and jaggery pudding according to the ritual.

-Apart from kheer, radish, banana are also kept in the puja offerings.

- On this day, Prasad is prepared by burning mango wood on an earthen stove.

- Fasting women take prasad after worshiping Lord Surya.

-Rasiao-kheer, puris, and fruits. The prasad is distributed among everyone on banana leaves after the puja.

Puja Timing:

Kharna Puja Muhurat- November 19 from 5:22 pm to 7:26 pm

Sunrise on Kharna Chhath Puja - 5:48 AM
Sunset on Kharna Chhath Puja - 5:47 PM

On Kharna, people, especially Biharis make dishes like Gur ki Kheer, Kaddu-Bhaat, and Thekua–Gujiya. After completing the fast of 8-12 hours, they relish these dishes with their families. People also wear new clothes and celebrated the auspicious occasion with their friends and family.

Chhath Puja Kharna Katha:

It is believed that Chhathi Maiya, who is worshiped during Chhath Puja, is the sister of Sun God. This is the reason people please Chhathi Maiya by offering water to the Sun. At the same time, Katyayani Devi, the sixth form of Maa Durga, is also considered to be the form of Chhath Mata and is worshipped during these days.

The sunset time on Kharna day is at 5:47 PM. Kharna is also known as Lohanda day and it is observed on the Panchami Tithi of Kartik Maas, Shukla Paksha. 

Posted By: Srishti Goel