New Delhi | Jagran New Desk: India is celebrating its 73rd Republic Day today with great fervour and joy. Every year, Republic Day 2022 is celebrated to mark the day when the Constitution of the country came into force in 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document and India became the Sovereign Republic. The day is celebrated with a grand parade at the Rajpath in New Delhi. In the Republic Day parade, different states and ministries showcase their achievements in the form of tableaus. However, for the second year in a row, the Republic Day celebrations were curtailed and no foreign dignitary as the chief guest is invited due to the COVID-19 in the country and across the world. So, on the occasion of Republic Day 2022, let's refresh our memory by diving into the history and importance of the historic day.

Republic Day 2022: History & Significance

India obtained its independence on August 15, 1947, as a constitutional monarchy. However, they didn't have a permanent constitution, instead, its laws were based on the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935. So, on August 29, 1947, a resolution was moved for the appointment of the Drafting Committee to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr B R Ambedkar as chairman.

While Independence Day celebrates India's freedom from British rule, Republic Day celebrated the coming of the Constitution into force. A draft constitution was prepared and submitted on November 4, 1947, and after many deliberations and modifications, the 308 members of the Assembly signed over a period of two hand-written copies on January 24, 1950. Also, on January 26, 1950, Dr Rajendra Prasad began his first term of office as a President of the Indian Union.

Republic Day 2022: Celebration

On this day, President unfurls the national flag at Rajpath, New Delhi, followed by ceremonious parades showcasing India's Defence Capability, cultural and social heritage. The President of India, who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces takes the salute.

Also, every year, President distributes Padma Awards to the civilians of India, it is the second-highest civilian award in India after Bharat Ratna.

Posted By: Niharika Sanjeeiv