New Delhi | Jagran News Desk: The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) on Wednesday issued a red alert in Tamil Nadu as a cyclonic storm, Burevi, is very likely to hit the southern state on the night of December 3 and the next morning, a week after the very severe cyclonic storm, Nivar, made its landfall near the state. Several teams of NDRF reached the state in wake of the cyclonic storm. 

The IMD has also predicted isolated heavy to very heavy rainfall over south Tamil Nadu on 2nd & 4th December and south Kerala on 3rd & 4th December and has also ordered a total suspension of fishing operation during 2nd to 5th December over the area. 

The Cyclone Burevi will be the fifth cyclone forming over the North Indian Ocean this year, after Amphan, Nisarga, Gati and Nivar. Named by the Maldives, the Burevi cyclone will be second cyclone forming in the southwest region of the Bay of Bengal. According to IMD projections, Burevi will be the least destructive of all five cyclones formed this year

So here in this article, we will know about how Cyclone Nivar got its name and how other cyclonic storms are named:

Cyclone Burevi: The Burevi will be the fifth cyclonic storm to take shape into the North Indian Ocean this year. Earlier, cyclone Nivar, which made its landfall in Puducherry last week, Cyclone Gati, which made its landfall in Somalia, Cyclone Nisarga in Maharashtra and Cyclone Amphan, which hit eastern India in May, have wreaked havoc this year.

The IMD said that a deep depression intensified into cyclonic storm "Burevi" on Tuesday evening and it is expected to first hit Sri Lanka on December 2 and then Tamil Nadu on December 4.

How Cyclone Burevi got its name?

Suggested by the Maldives, Burevi is named in accordance with the guidelines of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), according to which countries in every region are supposed to give names for cyclones. The North Indian Ocean region covers 13 countries and the cyclones formed over the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. The 13 members include Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Yemen.

Each member suggested 13 names this year making up a total of 169 names for the cyclones. Every member’s name is listed in alphabetical order and the cyclone names are used sequentially column-wise. 

How Cyclones are named?

Cyclones around the world are named by RSMCs (Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres) and TCWCs (Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres). There are a total of six RSMCs and five TCWCs, including IMD. The IMD is assigned the duty to name cyclones that develop over north Indian ocean, including Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal following standard procedure. It is also mandated to issue advisories in the region regarding the cyclonic storms.

Usually, the names of the storms are kept in alphabetical order. For the Indian Ocean region, the naming of cyclones began in 2000 and formula was agreed in 2004. Eight countries in the region -- Thailand, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Oman, Myanmar, Maldives, Bangladesh and India -- suggest names, which are assigned sequentially whenever a cyclonic storm develops. The list was extended in 2018 when 5 new countries were added to the North Indian Ocean region. The countries include Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Yemen.

India had reportedly proposed Gati (speed), Tej (speed), Marasu (musical instrument in Tamil), Aag (fire) and Neer (water), among others, for the new list. The names of the next few cyclones adopted by member countries in April 2020 are as follows: Burevi (Maldives), Tauktae (Myanmar), Yaas (Oman), and Gulab (Pakistan).

Posted By: Talib Khan