New Delhi | Jagran News Desk: In what could escalate the tensions between the two sides, 20 Indian Army soldiers were killed while the Chinese suffered 43 casualties during the “violent standoff” in eastern Ladakh’s Galwan Valley, reported news agency ANI.

In a brief statement, the Indian Army said that commander-level talks are underway to defuse the tension, adding that there was significant number of casualties on the Chinese side.

Also Read | India-China Standoff: 3 Army Personnel Killed In Ladakh, Casualties On Chinese Side Too; PM Modi Briefed

Here are key things you need to know about the violent standoff between India and China in the Galwan Valley:

1. The violent standoff took place between the troops of the two sides near the Patrolling Point 14 in the Galwan Valley while talks was underway to diffuse the tensions in the region.

2. According to reports, no bullet was fired during the clash and stones, rods and batons were used during the clash in which the three Indian soldiers suffered injuries.

3. This is the first incident in 45 years when Indian Army troops were killed in a clash with the Chinese forces. In 1975, four Indian soldiers were killed in an ambush at Tulung La in Arunachal Pradesh along the de-facto border between the two countries.

4. Following the incident, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh held a meeting with External Affairs Minister Dr S Jaishankar, CDS General Rawat and the three service chiefs and reviewed the situation in the region. According to media reports, Singh has also briefed PM Modi about the situation.

5. Meanwhile, China's state-run newspaper Global Times has accused India of triggering the violence and claimed that Indian troops crossed over to the Chinese side and carried out attacks on Chinese soldiers.

6. “Our border troops had a high-level meeting and reached important consensus on easing the border situation but astonishingly on June 15 the Indian troops seriously violated our consensus and twice crossed the border line for illegal activities and provoked and attacked Chinese personnel which led to serious physical conflict between the two sides and China has lodged strong protest and representation with the Indian side,” Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said.

7. The clash between Indian and Chinese troops comes just days after Indian Army chief MM Naravane said that both sides have begun disengaging from Galwan Valley. “We have started from the north, from the area of the Galwan river where a lot of disengagement has taken place. It has been a very fruitful dialogue that we have had,” General Naravane had said.

8. A standoff began between Indian and Chinese troops last months after which both the sides moved additional troops, armored vehicles in the region.

9. However, the two sides recently held commander-level talks to de-escalate the tensions in the region. After the talks, the government had said that the talks will continue to resolve the situation and to "ensure peace and tranquillity" in the border areas.

10. Later, the two sides had agreed to disengage by going back by 2-2.5 km from their stand-off positions at Galwan Nala, PP-15 and Hot Springs.  

Posted By: Aalok Sensharma