New Delhi | Jagran News Desk: With the country crossing the grim mark of 10 lakh coronavirus cases, the Indian Medical Association (IMA) has said that India has entered the community transmission of COVID-19, warning that the situation might get worse.

In a statement, the Chairman of IMA Hospital Board of India Dr VK Monga said that the situation is "very bad in India", adding that "cases are penetrating down into towns and villages where it will be very difficult to control the situation".

"This is a viral disease that spreads very fast. To contain the disease there are only two options. Firstly, 70 per cent population contracts the disease and gets immune, and other is getting an immunisation," Dr Monga said while speaking to news agency ANI.

As IMA Hospital Board of India raises alarm over community transmission of COVID-19 in India, here's all you need to know about it:

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), community transmission of a disease takes place when the source of the contagion is 'not known' and is "unable to trace an infection back to a carrier who has travelled in an affected area or got in contact with an infected person".

In simple words, community transmission means that the "virus is now circulating in the community and can infect people with no history to the infected area". You can also say that community transmission is "when there is no clear source of origin of the infection in a new community".

"Community transmission is evidenced by the inability to relate confirmed cases through chains of transmission for a large number of cases, or by increasing positive tests through sentinel samples (routine systematic testing of respiratory samples from established laboratories)," the WHO had said.

Is India in community transmission of COVID-19?

So far, the Centre has denied reports that India has entered the community transmission of COVID-19. Last month, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) had asserted that India is not in the community transmission stage of COVID-19 spread.

"There is a heightened debate around this term community transmission. Having said that I think even WHO has not given a definition for it. And as we have so shown that India is such a large country and the prevalence is so low," the ICMR had said earlier.

"The prevalence has been found to be less than 1 per cent in small districts. In urban and containment areas it may be slightly higher. But, India is definitely not in community transmission. I would like to emphasise it," it added.

However, some experts have claimed that the country has entered the community transmission of COVID-19. Recently, Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan had said that community transmission has been taking place in two coastal hamlets of Poonthura and Pulluvila in state capital Thiruvananthapuram.

Posted By: Aalok Sensharma